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What do Presbyterians not believe?

An Overview of What Presbyterians Do Not Believe

Presbyterians are a Protestant Christian denomination, and while they share many of the same core beliefs as other Christians, there are some key doctrines in which Presbyterians differ. Here’s an overview of what Presbyterians don’t believe:

1. Baptism of Infants: Presbyterians generally do not practice infant baptism. They believe baptism is a sign of repentance and faith and is only appropriate for those old enough to make those decisions for themselves.

2. Predestination: Presbyterians do not believe that God has predetermined who will be saved and who will not. Rather, Presbyterians believe that anyone who has faith in Jesus Christ can be saved.

3. The Papacy: Presbyterianism is distinct from Roman Catholicism, so Presbyterians do not believe in the authority of the Pope.

4. Purgatory: Presbyterians don’t believe in the existence of a place of purification in the afterlife, as is outlined in Catholic tradition.

5. Salvation by Works: Presbyterians do not believe that salvation is earned through good works, but that it is a free gift of God through Christ’s atoning sacrifice.

6. Mary’s Intercession: Presbyterians do not believe that Mary mediates between God and humanity in any way.

7. Apostolic Succession: Presbyterians do not believe that the authority of church office is passed down from the apostles, but that qualified church officials are called by the Holy Spirit to their roles.

Presbyterians believe in a God who loves and cares for all people, and who offers grace and mercy to those who seek Him. Presbyterians may differ in their beliefs about some key doctrines, but they are still unified in their mission to proclaim the Gospel of Jesus and to serve their communities.

Examining the Origins of the Beliefs Presbyterians Do Not Accept

Presbyterians are a Christian denomination that follows a distinct set of beliefs, practices, and rituals. While Presbyterians share a common faith with other Christian denominations, there are certain beliefs that they do not accept. To understand why Presbyterians reject certain beliefs, it is important to examine the origins of their faith.

Presbyterianism originated in Scotland in the 16th century, when the church became divided between the Protestant Reformers and the Roman Catholic Church. The Reformers sought to reform the Roman Catholic Church and embraced new teachings, such as the concept of justification by faith alone. As a result, Presbyterians reject the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church, including its emphasis on good works and its hierarchical structure.

Presbyterianism has also been heavily influenced by the beliefs of John Calvin, a French theologian and reformer who lived in the 16th century. Calvinism emphasizes the sovereignty of God, the importance of predestination, and the doctrine of divine election. Presbyterians believe in these doctrines and reject the ideas of free will and universal salvation.

Finally, Presbyterians reject certain beliefs that contradict the teachings of the Bible. For instance, Presbyterians do not believe in the doctrine of transubstantiation, which states that the bread and wine of communion become the literal body and blood of Jesus Christ. They also do not accept the notion of the Immaculate Conception, which teaches that Mary, the mother of Jesus, was born without sin.

The beliefs that Presbyterians do not accept are firmly rooted in the history of their faith. From their rejection of the doctrines of the Roman Catholic Church to their embrace of Calvinism and their rejection of certain teachings of the Bible, Presbyterians have a long tradition of standing firm in their beliefs.

Exploring the Impact of Reformed Theology on the Beliefs of Presbyterians

Reformed theology has had a lasting and far-reaching impact on the beliefs of Presbyterians. This theology, which is based on the teachings of the 16th century reformers—John Calvin, Huldrych Zwingli and Martin Luther—has been the foundation of Presbyterian beliefs for centuries.

Reformed theology has shaped many aspects of Presbyterian beliefs, from worship to doctrine. In the area of worship, Reformed theology emphasizes the importance of each individual’s relationship with Jesus Christ. The focus shifts from outward forms of worship to inward spiritual renewal. Presbyterians also believe in the sovereignty of God, a focus of Reformed theology that stresses the idea that God is in control of all of life’s events and is ultimately responsible for all of creation.

Another area where Reformed theology has had a major impact is in the area of doctrine. Reformed theology emphasizes the importance of scripture and its place as the ultimate authority in all matters of faith. Presbyterians believe in the Bible as the infallible Word of God. This belief is closely linked to the doctrine of sola scriptura, or the “scriptures alone” approach to understanding God and the Christian faith. This approach emphasizes the study of scripture and its application to modern life.

Finally, Reformed theology has impacted the way Presbyterians view the Church. Presbyterians believe that the Church is a visible expression of the body of Christ on earth. This means that the Church is to be a beacon of God’s love and grace. Reformed theology has shaped Presbyterians’ view of the Church, stressing the importance of the Church’s mission of evangelism, social justice, and the ministry of reconciliation.

Reformed theology has had an immense and lasting impact on the beliefs of Presbyterians. This theology has shaped the way Presbyterians worship, understand scripture, and view the Church. As Presbyterians look to the future, this important theological foundation will continue to shape and inform their beliefs.


In conclusion, Presbyterians do not believe in the concept of predestination, the belief that some people are chosen by God to be saved and others are not. They also do not believe in the traditional concept of free will, the belief that people have the power to choose their own fate independent of external forces. Presbyterians also reject the doctrine of papal infallibility, which states that the Pope is infallible in matters of faith and morals. Finally, Presbyterians do not believe in the doctrine of salvation by works, which states that one must perform good works in order to be saved.